The definition of archive
An Archive is a place where people go to find information. But rather than gathering information from books as you would in a library, people who do research in archives often gather firsthand facts, data, and evidence from letters, reports, notes, memos, photographs, audio and video recordings, and other primary sources.First attested in English in early 17th century, the word archive /ˈɑːrkaɪv/ is derived from the French archives (plural), in turn from Latin archīum or archīvum, which is the romanized form of the Greek ἀρχεῖον (arkheion), "public records, town-hall, residence, or office of chief magistrates", itself from ἀρχή (arkhē), amongst others "magistracy, office, government" (compare an-archy, mon-archy), which comes from the verb ἄρχω (arkhō), "to begin, rule, govern".
The word originally developed from the Greek ἀρχεῖον (arkheion), which refers to the home or dwelling of the Archon, in which important official state documents were filed and interpreted under the authority of the Archon. The adjective formed from archive is archival. (source: wikipedia)
The importance and value of archives
The ability to establish strong links between people's past and the future holds a crucial place in the history of people, societies, and nations, where in almost every area of society the experience of the field, such as politics, economics and culture, is transferred to the future in a healthy manner. The archives constitute a matter of importance for all countries in the world. Archives;
It documents, maintains and protects the rights of states, societies and foundations owned by the foundations.
Any research etc. When we do things, we try to enlighten, sort, and solve any matter.
It determines the events of the present time, interpersonal relations, values, traditions and customs, social relations.
The fact that we refer to these items as an archive is almost a part of our life and it has to be in the end. Almost all of the relations that have taken place in the world today are based on a number of documents. Archives are in place at this point. People have an important preliminary Today, all the nations give great importance to the archives and the archivists who have a big share in this work see it as "the guardian of the past, the founder of the future".
The history of archives
The practice of keeping official documents is very old. Archeologists have discovered archives of hundreds (and sometime thousands) of clay tablets going back to the third and second millennia BC in sites like Ebla, Mari, Amarna, Hattusas, Ugarit, and Pylos. These discoveries have been fundamental to know ancient alphabets, languages, literatures, and politics.
Archives were well developed by the ancient Chinese, the ancient Greeks, and ancient Romans (who called them Tabularia). However, they have been lost, since documents written on materials like papyrus and paper deteriorated at a faster pace unlike their stone tablet counterparts. Archives of churches, kingdoms and cities from the Middle Ages on survive and often have kept their official status uninterruptedly till now. They are the basic tool for historical research on these ages.
Modern archival thinking has many roots in the French Revolution. The French National Archives, who possess perhaps the largest archival collection in the world, with records going as far back as A.D. 625, were created in 1790 during the French Revolution from various government, religious, and private archives seized by the revolutionaries.
Turkish Archive History
Ottoman Archives , the Ottoman Empire 's collapse until the early years of the time the agreement is signed empire, kept the books and all other documents, which included an archive attached to the prime minister. Archive, today officially Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives are called and the Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry State Archives depends on the General Directorate. The preservation of the archive complex in Istanbul 's Kâğıthane is located in the district.
It is an important source of information about the history of more than 40 countries that have survived today from the Balkans to the Middle East, from Crimea to North Africa, where the Ottoman Empire ruled for 600 years. Find all the documents of 95 million Ottoman Turkish was written with.
Archive, in the first period Yedikule which is stored in archives later Topkapi Palace 's inside and Blue moved to buildings in the vicinity were kept in unhealthy ways. Of the Empire's first year in the period up to the end of the 14th century is almost not the number of documents archived. II. Mehmet 's reign until the mid-16th century with the beginning of the last two hundred years has been archived and in several books and documents related to about a hundred. Placing an order of the Ottoman archival studies but Suleiman period was realized. In the aftermath of the reign of Süleyman I, every treaty, notebook, and all documents were begun to be preserved.
Until the end of the 18th century, no special building was allocated for the archives, the documents were stored in pouches, bags and crates for easy access when needed, and scattered in unsavory cellars.  A number of studies in this era of modern archival studies have been undertaken, the first step was taken in 1845. Reforms ' s modernization process begins with understanding is reflected in the record keeping. In 1846 the Grand Vizier Mustafa Reşid Pasha Treasury-i founded Document Manager, for archive Sublime Porte was built in a building. In 1848, starting Treasury-i Documents building construction Darülfünun ''s architect Fossati's Brother by has been left blank a year to fully draw the moisture Although completed in 1849, the documents have been classified and moved to a new building in 1850. Koca Mustafa Reshid Pasha thus became the pioneer of the modern Ottoman archivist.
Archival science, or archival studies, is the study and theory of building and curating archives, which are collections of recordings and data storage devices.
To build and curate an archive, one must acquire and evaluate recorded materials, and be able to access them later. To this end, archival science seeks to improve methods for appraising, storing, preserving, and cataloging recorded materials.
An archival record preserves data that is not intended to change. In order to be of value to society, archives must be trustworthy. Therefore, an archivist has a responsibility to authenticate archival materials, such as historical documents, and to ensure their reliability, integrity, and usability. Archival records must be what they claim to be; accurately represent the activity they were created for; present a coherent picture through an array of content; and be in usable condition in an accessible location.
An archive curator is called an archivist; the curation of an archive is called archive administration.